The actual production of 34 thousand tons of rubber in the country at the beginning of the revolution of 4/172 tons in 1380 and 210 tons in 1384 and during the first six months of this year increased by 149 thousand tons of tires were produced in the country.
Fars news agency reported, quoting the publication schedule, rubber during the years after the Islamic Revolution, has been a significant change. This development first and second in the two countries enjoyed significant growth and investment in excess of $ 500 million and create four new production units and development of all previous units, its production capacity of 80 thousand tons at the beginning of the program over 200 tons per year has increased.
The actual production of 34 thousand tons of rubber in the country at the beginning of the revolution of 4/172 tons in 1380 and 210 tons in 1384 increased, while the majority of those involved in the industry, installed capacity of machinery and equipment rubber in the country, currently has more than 261 tons per year for the tire’s ability (capacity and potential production of 261 thousand tons per year in the country’s rubber production units.) The current situation in the country and its progress in the past decade tires In this report, we have examined.
History of rubber industry in the country
The use of rubber, with the initial appearance and automotive vehicles (bicycles, strollers, etc.), and regular scientific process, and with the rise of the construction industry and the emergence of hundreds of cars and other heavy industrial use of rubber (conveyor belts, industrial belts and … ), this matter is vital and has become a strategic platform for modern civilization.
After the invention of the rubber industry and the entry of cars, bikes and motorcycles to Iran. Tradesmen and craftsmen of old tires and tubes downstream of import in the shoes of operational resilience have now reached an advanced stage rubber in Iran. The companies and rubber production units in Table A are visible.
Production and distribution of tires in the past and present
During the Third Development Plan, the country’s rubber industry growth was acceptable. In 1378, the amount of 4/204 thousand tons of rubber, production units and production program, but due to market conditions and the company’s operations, 4/172 tons of rubber were produced (Table 2) the amount equal to 79% of program production anticipated and 8/71% of overall production capacity of the country.
In 1384, a total of 210,455 tons of tires, tubes and tape (by eight unit) has been produced in the country (Table 3), but this year only 184,017 tons of rubber in the country which represents the accumulation of about 25443 thousand tons of rubber in the warehouse.
The increase in annual average production of 4.8 thousand tons of rubber in 1371 if the base year calculations assume an annual 10 percent growth over the previous year will be (48/9 percent to be exact.)
Imports of automotive tire tariffs
At the beginning of the Third Development Plan and the removal of non-tariff barriers for many commodities, including rubber (tire tube) was expected to be considered tariffs in a way that can best take advantage of investment in the industry and after maximum capacity to repay the investment by reducing tariffs, competitive environment before the industry was more logical. Changes in tariff rates in recent years can be seen in Table 5.
Rubber import situation in the country
In 1384, as in previous years, there have been imports of rubber. This year, imports for the two groups, “passenger and cargo-style” and “bus and truck” equal to 197/79 thousand tons. Table 6 shows the import of tires.
Tire imports to the country expresses a desire Mvmybh foreign tire consumption and reduce the consumption of domestically manufactured tires of luxury cars and expensive.
This is because the entire Customs tariffs, the price of imported tires from 30 to 40 percent more expensive than domestic tires due to higher quality and shelf life of the tire, Mvmybh trend toward buying “expensive, Amamrghvbtr” is.
Rubber export situation in the country
In 1384, rubber production in the country of over 9645 tons of tires, tubes and tape have been exported to different countries, this amounts to about 69/3 percent of the country’s rubber production.
The value of exports in 1380 compared to 1379 has decreased. In 1379, the amount of 14.2 thousand tons of tires for passenger cars and light vans had been issued in 1380, this amount is 79/1 tons.
A fall in exports (compared with the large increases in 1378 and 1379) shows the complete failure of the rubber manufacturing units in export and foreign assessment period is mentioned. The production units are faced with surplus production Bvdhv rubber companies also export rate much lower than the rate of their domestic sales.
In recent years faced by domestic producers identify new markets and increase export volume is rubber.
A significant part of this export markets include Bangladesh, Sudan, Iraq, Indonesia, and that the standard of living and annual income in the third world are Rdhkshvrhay.
Investment situation in the world rubber industry
The tire industry worldwide annual production is about one billion rubber ring and volume sales of 68 to 70 billion dollars. 50 to 60 percent of this amount related to the Big Three, “Michelin, Bridgestone and Goodridge” and also 80 to 85 percent of total world production is dedicated to the 7 or 8 companies. Given these figures, it is clear that in today’s world of industrial tire industry and almost exclusively limited number of tire companies using its dominant position in the world decisive role, circumstances dictate it.
The companies with significant investments in research and development done in their centers (the annual sum of between 2 to 5 percent of sales forms), won the innovations are in the process of building tires that cost less and the higher quality, and thus, guarantee their dominant position in the global markets and in the future will be.
The companies have factories in different parts of the world that most of them to produce certain types of tire, for example, automobile tire or a tire with a lot of dedicated time and because this large-scale production can be primarily technical and economic developments of the mills and secondly, the possibility of their high production costs above for a closer investigation.
Future market situation and rubber industry
In North America and Western Europe, production and sales, and consequently sales and marketing of rapid acceleration and tire and tube have been unprecedented. For example, in 2003 in the United States market boom Passenger car tires, tire exports, the country created an unprecedented record.
In Latin America, car manufacturers and types of tire and tube, in order to strengthen economic and financial situation, or to prepare for foreign investment. It seems that in the coming years, foreign direct investment will flow into this region and Eastern Europe. This is also seen in eastern Europe and companies and countries in the region (Eastern Europe), as well as Latin America due to domestic investment firms (devaluations mentioned countries) are ready to accept foreign investors (especially in Europe) will be.
In Asia the situation for some countries (including China and Thailand) in such a way that your investment will increase regularly to lose the Asian market.
The main objective of these companies dominate the market Third World countries and the Middle East. For Japan, the decline in the production of tubes and tires that occurred in 1998 and 2000, now has increased access to foreign markets and export and desire, more than supply the domestic market there.
The important points in Asia, the desire to invest in other countries for the production of tires in China. Labor-intensive and politicians regard to foreign investment and tax cuts, the reasons for this.
Western Asia and Africa is the world’s major consumer market in the Asian countries such as Japan, Korea and China, have major market. Korean high quality products and low prices of Chinese products seizing the main reasons for the Asian market and the Middle East.
The current problems of the country’s rubber industry
More industries due to high raw material costs and excessive imports of Chinese goods into the country face many problems and most of them are in bankruptcy. Car tire industry is another industry with massive investment in the industry and with 9 producers were not desirable and in recent years has not been successful in domestic and international markets.
Technological backwardness One of the rubber industry in the country. Radial tires for passenger car tires of all types, time in terms of technology and special features, including high safety and long life compared to cotton (bias) tire has been of interest to producers and consumers.
Now fully rubber radial tires used in Europe, and the statistics in North America 90% and in some countries in South America, Africa and Asia (other than Japan) is 50% but in our country small percentage of consumer-type radial tires and the rest of Type Cotton (bias) is.
While most of the Iranian companies producing tires that are well established technologies, but the following reasons are technological backwardness gradually:
A lack of attention to changes in the world of technology: technology in the world rubber industry of the transformation failed and failed timely to invest.
(B) the existence of monopolized markets: non-supportive state laws, creating a market for this industry that any rubber sole with every quality on which to sell.
A: retardation automotive industry: tire industry (tire) are dependent on the automotive industry and its production cars to use radial tires were not possible a few years ago but is now gradually the standards for the use of radial tires has been changed locally produced cars.
Based on the above reasons, the rubber industry is faced with the lack of development. In the past few years several companies have made efforts radial tires imported and domestically produced technology.
Iran and insular act of being dispersed rubber from tire industry problems in the country. While in the interior 9 tire manufacturing plant there, however, the volume of total size appropriate scale production plant is in accordance with international standards.
Given the company’s small market scale will remain low, corporate profits and the inability to compete with foreign companies will be. In this case, one of the best ways to integrate this plant will be common that in addition to reducing costs, increasing market scale companies and increase their competitiveness in the face of foreign companies will be.
Liberalization of imports and smuggling Another problem is the rubber industry. With regard to the liberalization of imports and exports in the third five-year plan had been anticipated, tire companies ever to compete with foreign competitors, they had a monopoly.
Given the current state of the country’s rubber industry, if not to consciously decide in accordance with domestic manufacturers, domestic producers may not be enough to restore opportunity and rubber industry on other industries caught.
One of the other problems rubber industry, recycling of used tires is not accumulated in the warehouses, has created many problems for the industry. There are no exact statistics of the tires used in the country and there is no fate. EPA even information about where it may be stored tires in the initial studies in the review. However, according to the Ministry of Industry, tire rubber production of 172 thousand tons produced in Iran Zyrpayyhay rubber, tires used and re-used in Batrysazyha Resurfacing tire powder form of the current uses of recycled tires in the country. While it has only one-tenth of the total costs of the various causes of used tires include. For example, here again falling Resurfacing tire industry among people and lack of confidence in usability and stability, such as tires Resurfacing new tire has led the development of this industry were established 10 factories at the same time, just stay two factories, difference while meager 30 percent of the price of a new tire and retread is also one of the reasons for not welcoming people from the industry. Summary of problems this industry is as follows:
High tariffs on imports of raw materials, low quality of domestic raw materials, unbalanced and continuous increase in raw material prices of imported and domestic production, lack of liquidity of some tire, tires uncontrolled entry of foreign poor, the high cost of taxes and fees, high interest, exhaustion machines and outdated technologies, lack of strategic policy in the tire industry, the technology and production capacity utilization upstream and downstream mismatch (vehicle tires), the need for consumer cars from bias tires to radial rapid technological change and the high cost of technological change.
Steady and continuous increase in the price of rubber, not very good quality local products, high import tariffs on tire imports, resulting in high prices and poor tires, sale of tires produced by some manufacturers due to some factors that market prices arbitrarily their own.
1 need adjustment and updating policies, strategic industries identified and documented for the rubber industry 2. Obtaining integrated technologies for companies of tire to reduce costs and increase production quality 3 standardization of policy support industries 4 stabilize or control prices of raw materials rubber by the government, especially of raw materials inside such as synthetic rubber, carbon black industry, tire yarn and raw materials 5 standards and tariff adjustment to import rubber 6 banking facilities suitable pricing by taking the commitment to modernize and improve the technology and machinery, providing the quality and quantity of 7 to merge and create a strong holding 8 possible ways of reducing production costs (reducing the overhead costs of production at full capacity, elimination of costly and redundant interfaces, etc.) 9 Mvmymkhatrat training of worn car tires and useless (It should be noted that a significant portion of tires currently used, unusable and have been rebuilt.) 10 Brand external use to capture foreign markets and increase exports (according to the rule of trademarks in the modern global economy.)